This is the thickest non-fiction book I’ve read. Over 800 pages in three and a quarter months — not too shabby. The authors include an extensive 28-page bibliography of all the work they researched and discuss in this book.
The accepted story of human origin goes like this. The first human ancestor apes appeared in the Miocene period (25 – 5 million years ago). During the Pliocene period (5 to 2.5 million years ago), the first primates that walked erect like humans appeared. This near human is called Australopithecus and is said to be very similar to modern humans. The head of Australopithecus displayed some apelike and some human features.
One branch of Australopithecus evolved into Homo habilis around 2 million years ago at the beginning of the Pleistocene period (2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago). Homo habilis was similar to Australopithecus except that his cranial capacity was larger.
Homo habilis then evolved into Homo erectus (the species that includes Java man and Peking man) around 1.5 million years ago. Paleoanthropologists believe that from the neck down, Homo erectus was almost the same as modern humans.
Anatomically modern humans (Homo sapiens sapiens) emerged gradually from Homo erectus. Around 300,000 or 400,000 years ago, the first early Homo sapiens or archaic Homo sapiens appeared. Their cranial capacity was almost as large as that of modern humans, but they still manifested some of the characteristics of Homo erectus.
The type of human known as Cro-Magnon appeared in Europe about 30,000 years ago and they were anatomically modern. Anatomically modern Homo sapiens sapiens appeared about 100,000 years ago.
Exactly where, when or how Autralopithecuse gave rise to Homo habilis, or Homo habilis gave rise to Homo erectus, or Home erectus gave rise to modern human remains unexplained. There are many gaps in the record of human descent. For example, there is an absence of fossils linking the Miocene apes to the Pliocene ancestors of modern apes and human ancestors.
One could argue that it is a matter of time before someone finds the evidence that shows the link between the various stages of human evolution. However, how certain are we that the evidence will support the evolution theory? What if there is already evidence that contradict the evolution theory but it is swept under the carpet?
This book presents evidence of many findings that show modern humans can be traced back many million years ago. It examines a large body of evidence relating to human origins and antiquity, and look at whether consistent application of standards have been observed for the acceptance and rejection of evidence. The authors’ survey led them to conclude that up to now, scientists have not applied consistent standards. This inconsistency casts legitimate doubts about the trustworthiness of the evidence upon which the evolution theory of human origin has been built.
Paleoanthropological evidence tends to be complex and uncertain. Any evidence can be challenged — one can always raise charges of fraud on evidence that does not agree with one’s preconceived belief. What often happens is that evidence agreeing with a prevailing theory tends to be treated very leniently — to the extent that even serious defects are conveniently overlooked. On the contrary, evidence that goes against an accepted theory tends to be subjected to intense critical scrutiny, and is expected to meet very high standards of proof.
The authors show that when all the available evidence is considered impartially, the evidence does not support the evolution theory of human origins. When the authors apply the tactic of extreme skepticism equally to all available evidence, it become almost impossible to say anything at all about human origins. If, on the other hand, the authors took a more liberal approach, they found that human presence can be detected in as far back as the Eocene period (55.8 to 33.9 million years ago), and even further.
There is ample evidence that suggests beings like us have been around in the Pliocene, Miocene, Oligocene, Eocene and beyond. Remains of apes and apelike men are also found throughout the same period of time. It is plausible that different types of hominids co-existed throughout history — this is the clearest picture that emerges if one considers all available evidence.
It is only by eliminating a great quantity of evidence and keeping only fossils and artifacts that conform to preconceived notions that one can continue to argue and provide support for the evolution theory. This is the deception carried out by scientists who wish to maintain the evolution theory.
Western scholars who are committed to the theory that humans evolved in Africa uncritically reject very early dates for hominid fossils and artifacts found around the world. There is a great amount of evidence that suggests humans of the modern type have lived on various continents for tens of millions of years. For the same period of time, there is also evidence of various apelike creatures, some resembling humans more than others.
Findings can be interpreted in different ways. It is not unusual for scientists examining the same evidence to have differing views or reach different conclusions about the findings. Unfortunately, it is always views and opinions that are favourable to the evolution theory that makes it to text books, television documentaries and so on. Opinions that support the evolution theory are presented to the public as if there is no opposing or differing opinions among experts. This is no accident. The informal gatekeepers and guardians of scientific orthodoxy are very careful and selective about what reaches the public.
“Forbidden Archeology” leaves me with two lingering questions. First, why do scientists who are supposed to be in pursuit of truth and knowledge choose to disregard evidence that does not support their preconceived notion? Second, why is it so important to defend Darwin’s evolution theory when there is ample evidence that it could be wrong?
The following videos, which question the validity of the evolution theory, are not related to the book.
Evidence presented – Darwin was wrong!
Is There Any Proof for Darwinian Evolution?